Australian National Incident Dataset (NID) Infographics
- October 7, 2021 – Cold/Flu & Respiratory Illness Types
In this infographic we explore the most frequently reported factors that contributed to the Cold/Flu or Respiratory illness incidents that occurred between September 2018 and July 2021. From the 395 reported incidents, 325 people required first aid treatment and 80 were removed from the program. The participant’s mental/physical condition, such as pre-existing cold/flu symptoms, allergies or asthma, was the most frequently reported contributory factor. There was a frequently reported relationship with compliance and decisions at the client level, suggesting that parents and schools are sending participants to program with cold/flu symptoms or are not providing information about pre-existing respiratory conditions. Weather was also a commonly reported factor, with temperature, rain, pollens, or dust exacerbating cold/flu or respiratory conditions.
- August 10, 2021 – Psychosocial Incident Types
In this infographic we examine the psychosocial incidents types reported to the National Incident Dataset and report the actual and potential severity of these incidents and their contributory factors. The contributory factors involved in minor severity incidents were similar to those involved in serious or severe incidents. This highlights the importance of reporting all incidents, regardless of their severity, to support the development of strategies that will help reduce the likelihood and severity of incidents.
- February 10, 2021 – Campcraft Activities
Since September 14, 2018, 473 injury or illness incidents relating to Campcraft Activities have been reported. Although, 89% of these incidents were minor in severity, 7% of the incidents were reported with a potential severity rating of serious, severe or critical. In addition to an overview of a subset of data we typically provide in our Infographics, such as, the types of incidents and frequently reported contributory factors, this infographic presents a PreventiMap for Campcraft related incidents. The PreventiMap shows a network of interventions that could be explored to prevent and management campcraft related incidents.
- November, 2020 – Weather Related Incidents
In this Infographic we show how the weather has been reported as a contributory factor in LOA incidents. In over two years of data reported to the National Incident Dataset, 724 incidents identified weather as a contributory factor. The Infographic reveals the activities frequently affected by weather, and describes how weather interacts with other factors to contribute to incident causation.
- August, 2020 – Harness (Outdoors)
This infographic shows the near miss and injury incidents associated with outdoor harness activities.
- January, 2020 – Cycling (on-road / Off-road)
This infographic presents the most frequently identified contributory factors and relationships associated with incidents involving cycling. In line with our other analyses, cycling incidents are influenced by factors from multiple levels of the LOA system.
- December, 2019 – Heat & Water Related Incidents
With summer upon us and the weather heating up across country, this month’s infographic is focused on heat and water related activities. While many of the factors identified are quite obvious, our data shows that they are continuing to occur throughout the year.
- April, 2019 – Walking / Running Incidents
After a review of the initial data, walking/running incidents were the most frequently reported incidents so we have focused primarily on those, and split by gender, incident type and the factors and relationships contributing to incidents.
- August, 2019 – Organisation Size
This infographic demonstrates that incidents reported to UPLOADS differ regarding activity type, incident type, and incident severity as a function of organisation size.
- October, 2019 – Pre-existing Health Conditions
This infographic shows the most frequently identified contributory factors, and relationships between factors associated with incidents involving a pre-exiting health condition.
UPLOADS Annual Reports
- Previous reports:
- Goode, N., Salmon, P. M., Lenne, M., & Finch, C. (2018). Translating Systems Thinking Into Practice: A Guide to Developing Incident Reporting Systems. CRC Press.
Peer-reviewed journal publications:
- McLean, S., Coventon, L., Finch, C. F., Dallat, C., Carden, T., & Salmon, P. (2021). Evaluation of a systems ergonomics-based incident reporting system. Applied Ergonomics, 100, 1-10.
- McLean, S., Finch, C. F., Goode, N., Clacy, A., Coventon, L. J., & Salmon, P. M. (2020). Applying a systems thinking lens to injury causation in the outdoors: Evidence collected during 3 years of the Understanding and Preventing Led Outdoor Accidents Data System. Injury prevention.
- Finch, C. F., Goode, N., Shaw. L., & Salmon P. (2019). End-user experiences with two incident and injury reporting systems designed for led outdoor activities – challenges for implementation of future data systems. Injury Epidemiology, 6(39), doi: 10.1186/s40621-019-0214-y
- Carden, T., Goode, N., & Salmon, P. (2018). Work Domain Analysis of a Regulatory System to Support System Redesign. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 62, No. 1, pp. 793-797). Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications.
- Dallat, C., Goode, N., & Salmon, P.M. (2018). “She’ll be right”. Or Will She? Practitioner perspectives on risk assessment for led outdoor activities in Australia. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning.
- Trotter, M., Salmon, P. M., Goode, N., & Lenne, M. (2018). Distributed Improvisation: A systems perspective of improvisation ‘epics’ by led outdoor activity leaders”. Ergonomics.
- Carden, T., Goode, N., Read, G. J. M., & Salmon, P. M. (2017). Sociotechnical systems as a framework for regulatory system design and evaluation: Using Work Domain Analysis to examine a new regulatory system. Applied Ergonomics.
- Carden, T., Goode, N., & Salmon, P. M. (2017). Not as simple as it looks led outdoor activities are complex sociotechnical systems . Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 18(4), 318-337.
- Dallat, C., Salmon, P.M., & Goode, N. (2017). Risky systems versus Risky people: To what extent do risk assessment methods consider the systems approach to accident causation? A review of the literature. Safety Science.
- Clacy, A., Goode, N., Finch, C. F., & Salmon, P. M. (2017). Designing incident prevention strategies: A review of current models. Safety Science.
- Dallat, C., Salmon, P. M., & Goode, N. (2017). The NETworked Hazard Analysis and Risk Management System (NET-HARMS). Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science.
- Goode, N., Salmon, P.M., Taylor, N.Z., Lenne, M., & Finch, C.F. (2017). Developing a contributing factor classification scheme for Rasmussen’s AcciMap: reliability and validity evaluation. Applied Ergonomics. 64, 14-26.
- Salmon, P.M., Goode, N., Taylor, N., Lenne, M.G., Dallat, C., & Finch, C. (2017). Rasmussen’s legacy in the great outdoors: a new incident reporting and learning system for led outdoor activities. Applied Ergonomics.
- Goode, N., Salmon, P. M., Taylor, N. Z., Lenné, M. G., & Finch, C. F. (2016). Lost in translation: the validity of a systemic accident analysis method embedded in an incident reporting software tool. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 1-22.
- Goode, N., Salmon, P. M., Lenné, M. G., & Finch, C. F. (2015). The UPLOADS Project: development of an Australian National Incident Dataset for led outdoor activities. Wilderness & environmental medicine, 26(4), 574-576.
- Goode, N., Finch, C., Cassell, E., Lenne, M.G. & Salmon, P.M. (2014). What would you like? Identifying the required characteristics of an industry-wide incident reporting and learning system for the led outdoor activity sector. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education.
- Salmon, P.M., Goode, N., Lenné, M. G., Cassell, E., Finch, C. (2014). Injury causation in the great outdoors: a systems analysis of led outdoor activity injury incidents. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 63, 111-120.
- Salmon, P. M., Cornelissen, M., Trotter, M. (2012). Systems-based accident analysis methods: a comparison of Accimap, HFACS, and STAMP. Safety Science, 50:4, pp.1158-1170.
- Salmon, P. M., Williamson, A., Lenne, M. G., Mitsopoulos, E., & Rudin-Brown, C. M. (2010). Systems-based accident analysis in the led outdoor activity domain: application and evaluation of a risk management framework. Ergonomics, 53:8, pp. 927-939.
- Salmon, P. M., Williamson, A., Lenne, M. G., Mitsopoulos, E., & Rudin-Brown, C. M. (2009). The role of Human Factors in led outdoor activity incidents: literature review and exploratory analysis. Monash University Accident Research Centre Report, November 2009.
Peer-reviewed conference papers:
- Goode, N., Salmon, P. M., Lenné, M. G., & Finch, C. F. (2015). Looking beyond people, equipment and environment: Is a systems theory model of accident causation required to understand injuries and near misses during outdoor activities?. Procedia Manufacturing, 3, 1125-1131.
- Grant, E., Goode, N., Salmon, P. M., Lenné, M. G., Scott-Parker, B., & Finch, C. F. (2015, August). “How do I save it?” Usability evaluation of a systems theory-based incident reporting software prototype by novice end users. InInternational Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics (pp. 226-236). Springer International Publishing.
- Taylor, N., Goode, N., Salmon, P. M., Lenne, M., & Finch, C. (2015). Which code is it? Inter-rater reliability of systems theory-based causal factor taxonomy for the outdoor sector. In Proceedings of the 19th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association. International Ergonomics Association.
- Goode, N., Salmon, P.M., Lenne, M. & Finch, C.F. (2014) A test of a systems theory-based incident coding taxonomy for risk managers. AHFE 2014, Krakow, Poland July 19th – 23rd.
Peer-reviewed conference abstracts:
- Goode, N., Salmon, P., Lenné, M. & Finch, C. (2013). Injury causation during hiking activities: a systems analysis of reports from the NZ. Sixth International Outdoor Education Research Conference. Dunedin, NZ.
- Salmon, P., Goode, N., Lenné, M., Finch, C., & Cassell, E. (2012). Understanding accident causation in led outdoor activities: development of an accident analysis framework. Injury Prevention, 18(Suppl 1), A240. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2012-040590w.53
- Salmon, P., Goode, N., Lenné, M., Finch, C., & Cassell, E. (2012). Understanding accident causation in led outdoor activities: development of an accident analysis framework. Poster presented at World Safety Conference, Wellington, NZ.
- Goode, N. (2014) Accident causation during outdoor activities. Research Connections Newsletter May 2014 – Issue #07 Qld Research Projects.
- Salmon, P. M., Cornelissen, M. (2012). Understanding accidents in the great outdoors: the human factors approach. Active Education Magazine, 5th September 2012.
- Goode, N. (2014). Optimising incident reporting systems for learning: a systems thinking approach. USCAR HF Seminar, University of the Sunshine Coast..
- Goode, N., Salmon, P. & Dallat, C. (2013). Overview of a new approach to incident reporting for the outdoor sector. 5th Asia Oceania Camping Congress, Sydney, Australia.
- Goode, N. (2013). An incident reporting and learning system for the outdoor sector. Outdoor Eduction Association Queensland State Conference, Cairns.
- Salmon, P. (2012). Understanding and preventing accidents in led outdoor activities: theory, methods and UPLOADS. Wilderness Risk Management Conference, Portland.
- Salmon, P. (2012). An update on UPLOADS: New insights, new methods, and a new dawn for the led outdoor activity domain. Australia Camps Conference.
- Finch, C. (2012). Injury prevention in the Australian led outdoor activity domain - overview of project. 17th National Outdoor Education Conference, Canberra. 16th – 18th January 2012.
Our PhD and Masters students have also undertaken a number of related projects:
Dr. Clare Dallat (Completed): A systems approach to risk assessment in the led outdoor activity context
Dr Tony Carden (Completed): Regulating safety in adventure activities
Dr Brian Thoroman (Completed): Near miss incidents as an indicator of safety system weaknesses during led outdoor activities